Whether you have well water or city water, it does not matter much. You know you are supposed to drink a lot of water daily. The problem is, the minute you taste most bottled water, you realize it is from a faucet too. Except the waters that are truly from real artesian sources, all of it is faucet water, and much of it tastes unpleasant.

So how can you get tap water to taste better, not to mention well water? Water treatment and purification methods definitely help. Here are five methods of water treatment and purification you can try for your home and how each works.

Osmosis

Osmosis is something people like to joke about when they seem to succeed on tests without really trying. Their reason for succeeding is that they learned the material "through osmosis." The funny part here is the fact that true osmosis requires thin filters that meter out large particles of debris and allow purified liquid to pass through. 

When it comes to water, there is the osmosis process, as well as reverse osmosis. Osmosis filters water once before releasing it into the household water supply and pipes. Reverse osmosis sends the sourced water through two filtration cycles, sending it forward and backward and then forward again to get the purest water possible. Both types of osmosis systems can be connected directly to your main water supply plumbing, or smaller units can connect underneath your kitchen sink to the pipes there.

Charcoal Filtration

Charcoal is the method of choice for all purification attachments for sinks, as well as for water pitchers that use purification filters. If you have one of these already, then you are familiar with the instructions to soak the black charcoal filters in water for a few minutes prior to first use to remove excess charcoal dust. Most charcoal filtration systems are strictly faucet attachments and pitcher filters. They work best with well water because the sulfur smells and tastes of some well water is eliminated with charcoal.

Potassium or Sodium Chloride Systems

Twin-tank water softener systems use sodium chloride tablets to "soften" hard water and remove rust, calcium, and other mineral deposits from water. It also reduces the taste of chlorine in treated city water. People who have to control the amount of sodium in their diets frequently substitute the sodium chloride for potassium chloride tablets, which does this job equally as well.

These systems are whole-house systems, which means that the tanks purify all the water coming out of every tap in your home. This is ideal since it also helps reduce wear and tear on your plumbing and keeps your water-dependent appliances functioning optimally. You use less water to wash everything because you use less detergent and less water to rinse off the detergent or soap.

UV Purification

The most recent type of water treatment and purification involves the use of UV light. The glow of the purple UV light dancing around your faucets is enough for anyone to be dazzled by how this process works. Essentially, the UV light kills bacteria that only exist within the ultra-violet spectrum of light. Since a lot of bacteria lives within that spectrum of light, you end up killing bacteria that not only makes you sick, but also alters the flavor of your water in unpleasant ways.

UV purification systems are often installed under the sink to the sink plumbing, and to the heads of the faucets. Some faucet manufacturers now build UV systems into their more expensive fixture options. Still, if you opt for the UV system, be aware that it does not eliminate hard water or mineral deposits.

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